Ginin geotextile yayi amfani da allurar geotextile wanda ba a saka ba

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Geotextilesyadudduka ne masu ruɗi waɗanda, idan aka yi amfani da su tare da ƙasa, suna da ikon rabuwa, tacewa, ƙarfafawa, kariya, ko magudanar ruwa.Yawanci ana yin su daga polypropylene ko polyester, yadudduka na geotextile suna zuwa cikin nau'ikan asali guda uku: saƙa (mai kama da buhun wasiƙa), buga allura (mai kama da ji), ko haɗin zafi (mai kama da baƙin ƙarfe).

An gabatar da abubuwan haɗin gwiwar geotextile kuma an haɓaka samfura kamar geogrids da raga.Geotextiles suna da ɗorewa, kuma suna iya yin laushi faɗuwa idan wani ya faɗi ƙasa.Gabaɗaya, ana kiran waɗannan kayan azaman geosynthetics kuma kowane tsari-geonets, layin yumbu na geosynthetic, geogrids, bututun geotextile, da sauransu—na iya ba da fa'ida a ƙirar injiniyan geotechnical da muhalli.

Tarihi

Tare da yadudduka na geotextile da ake amfani da su akai-akai akan wuraren aiki na yau, yana da wuya a yarda cewa wannan fasaha ba ta wanzu shekaru takwas da suka wuce.Wannan fasaha ana amfani da ita ne don raba sassan ƙasa, kuma ta zama masana'antar biliyoyin daloli.

Geotextiles an yi niyya da farko don zama madadin matatun ƙasa.Asalin, kuma har yanzu wani lokaci ana amfani da shi, kalmar geotextiles shine yadudduka tace.An fara aiki a asali a cikin 1950s tare da RJ Barrett ta amfani da geotextiles a bayan katangar ruwan tekun da aka riga aka riga aka rigaya, a ƙarƙashin tubalan sarrafa zaizayar ƙasa, ƙarƙashin manyan riprap na dutse, da sauran yanayin sarrafa zaizaye.Ya yi amfani da salo daban-daban na yadudduka na monofilament, duk suna da ƙayyadaddun yanki mai girma (wanda ya bambanta daga 6 zuwa 30%).Ya tattauna buƙatun duka isassun ƙwaƙƙwalwa da riƙe ƙasa, tare da isasshen ƙarfin masana'anta da tsayin daka daidai kuma saita sautin don amfani da geotextile a cikin yanayin tacewa.

Aikace-aikace

Geotextiles da samfuran da ke da alaƙa suna da aikace-aikace da yawa kuma a halin yanzu suna goyan bayan aikace-aikacen injiniyan farar hula da yawa da suka haɗa da hanyoyi, filayen jirgin sama, hanyoyin jirgin ƙasa, tarkace, tsarin riƙon, tafki, magudanar ruwa, madatsun ruwa, kariyar banki, aikin injiniya na bakin teku da shingen shingen gini ko geotube.

Yawancin lokaci ana sanya geotextiles a saman tashin hankali don ƙarfafa ƙasa.Hakanan ana amfani da nau'ikan geotextiles don yin sulke na yashi don kare kadarorin da ke kan gabar teku daga guguwa, ayyukan igiyar ruwa da ambaliya.Babban akwati mai cike da yashi (SFC) a cikin tsarin dune yana hana zaizayar guguwa ta wuce SFC.Yin amfani da naúrar gangare maimakon bututu guda ɗaya yana kawar da ɓarna.

Littattafan kula da zazzaɓi sun yi tsokaci game da tasirin gangare, sifofi masu takowa wajen rage lalacewar zaizayar ruwa daga guguwa.Raka'a mai cike da yashi na geotextile suna ba da mafita "laushi" na sulke don kariyar kadarorin sama.Ana amfani da Geotextiles azaman matting don daidaita kwarara cikin tashoshi da swales.

Geotextiles na iya inganta ƙarfin ƙasa a farashi mai rahusa fiye da ƙusa ƙasa na al'ada. Bugu da ƙari, geotextiles yana ba da damar dasa shuki a kan gangaren gangaren, yana ƙara tabbatar da gangaren.

An yi amfani da Geotextiles don kare burbushin hominid na Laetoli a Tanzaniya daga zazzagewa, ruwan sama, da tushen bishiya.

A cikin rushewar gini, masana'anta na geotextile a hade tare da shingen waya na karfe na iya ƙunsar tarkace masu fashewa.

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Lokacin aikawa: Agusta-10-2021

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